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Bulgarian Journal of Crop Science   ISSN 0568-465X
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Phytosanitary condition and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum) and einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum) grown in organic and conventional farming systems
Vasilina Maneva, Dina Atanasova
Abstract: The experiment was conducted in the period 2013-2016 on the experimental fields of Institute of Agriculture in Karnobat, Bulgaria. Wheat and einkorn were grown in organic and conventional farming systems. The effect of the type of farming on the phytosanitary condition and the yield of the crops was studied and compared. After the experiments, it was established that einkorn wheat is more resistant to diseases, pests and weeds than wheat in both farming systems. Weed infestation in both crops was higher in organic farming and in wheat the density of the weeds was higher, too. Both crops had greater yield in conventional farming. The type of farming system used in growing the crops had a significant effect on the yield, with wheat being the more susceptible one.
Keywords: wheat; einkorn; organic farming; phytosanitary condition; yield
Date published: 2018-07-12
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