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Bulgarian Journal of Crop Science   ISSN 0568-465X
Array ( [session_started] => 1582521746 [LANGUAGE] => EN [LEPTON_SESSION] => 1 )
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Using on infrared thermometer for establishment of water stress in green beans irrigated by diferent pre-irrigation soil moisture
Radost Kalaidjieva, Velika Kuneva, Aleksandar Matev
Abstract: The aim of the work is to explore the possibility for using the infrared thermometer as an indicator of water stress in the green beans and establishment of a link between soil moisture and temperature difference (dt) between the surface of the leaves and that of the environment. The experiment was conducted in the period 2010 – 2012, at experimental field of Agricultural University – Plovdiv, on Alluvial Meadow Soil (Arenic Fluvisols, WRBSR, 2006). Used data from options in which the bean is irrigated at different pre-irrigation soil moisture, namely 60, 70, 80 and 90% of FC (field capacity) and option without irrigation. Under irrigated conditions and lack of rainfall, dt values reach up to +5 °C, and in conditions of optimum irrigation (pre-irrigation soil moisture 80% of FC) values decreased and were negative. The conditions of the experiment were reach about –4.5 °С. The irrigation by lower than 80% of FC soil moisture influence on the dT° values. Established a linear relationship between the values of dТ° and soil moisture as follows: for the layer 0 – 40 cm: Y = 79.49 – 4.32x at R2 = 0.847; for the layer 0 – 60 cm: Y = 80.52 – 3.67x at R2 = 0.801.
Keywords: green beans; water stress; irrigation; infrared thermometer
Date published: 2017-08-09
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