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Bulgarian Journal of Crop Science   ISSN 0568-465X
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Parameters of the relationship Yield-evapotranspiration by swaths in a grass mixture of english ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and red fescue (Festuca rubra L.)
Nora Lozanova, Alexander Matev, Stanislav Stamatov, Katya Uzundzhalieva, Veselina Masheva, Zhivko Zhivkov
Abstract: The aim of the study is to establish the parameters of the relationship „Yield-ET by swaths” in a grass mixture of English ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and Red fescue (Festuca rubra L.). Data from an experiment with the application of a regulated water deficit, conducted at the Forestry University - Sofia, were used. The output data included the relative values of yield and evapotranspiration (ET) for each of the sub-crops separately. Two types of formulas were used: for the relationship „Yield-seasonal ET” and for the relationship „Yield-ET by phenophases”. From the first group, the two-power equation is recommended, according to which the first three swaths have greater requirements for ET, which can form some yield when providing at least 40-50% of the maximum ET. The fourth and fifth swaths show smaller requirements, but the differences compared to the first three swaths are in the range of 10-30%. Of the second group of equations, Steward’s linear formula, modified for use in swath crops, is recommended. It presents the relationship most realistically with R=0.983 and minimal difference between different swaths in terms of their sensitivity.
Keywords: evapotranspiration; grass mixtures; irrigation regime; water stress; water-yield relationship; yield
Citation: Lozanova, N., Matev. A., Stamatov, S., Uzundzhalieva, K., Masheva. V., & Zhivkov, Zh. (2024). Parameters of the relationship „Yield-evapotranspiration by swaths” in a grass mixture of english ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and red fescue (Festuca rubra L.). Bulgarian Journal of Crop Science, 61(3) 60-74 (Bg).
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.61308/GUCW9362
Date published: 2024-06-26
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